Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are common conditions that are associated with symptoms related to menstrual periods and can include:
- Sleep irregularity
- Breast tenderness
It is estimated that 3 out of every 4 menstruating women have experienced some form of premenstrual syndrome. PMS can affect your body, your mood, and how you act in the days leading up to your menstrual period. Symptoms tend to recur in a predictable pattern, but the physical and emotional changes may vary from barely noticeable to extremely intense.
Treatments and lifestyle adjustments can help you reduce or manage the signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
If your PMS isn’t so bad that you need to see a doctor, some lifestyle changes may help you feel better. Below are some steps you can take that may help ease your symptoms:
- Exercise regularly
- Eat healthy foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Avoid salt, sugary foods, caffeine, and alcohol, especially when you’re having PMS symptoms
- Get enough sleep. Try to get about 8 hours of sleep each night.
- Find healthy ways to cope with stress. Talk to your friends, exercise, or write in a journal. Some women also find yoga, massage, or relaxation therapy helpful
- Don’t smoke
In more severe cases of PMS, prescription medicines may be useful in easing symptoms.